On Tuesday, 26 February 2019, the Urban and Regional Planning Study Program conducted a guest lecture in relation to the Learning of Post-Disaster Reconstruction Spatial Planning. The speaker in this guest lecture is Dr.Ir. Suprayoga Hadi, MSP who, currently, is the Intermediate Expert Planner at the Office of the Deputy of Regional Development, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS). The lecture was held at the Seminar Room of SAPPD, 2nd floor of Sugijanto Soegijoko building, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung. The lecture that lasted from 10:00 – 12:00 was attended by undergraduate and master students of urban and regional planning as well as some lecturers and the Head of the Master Program in Urban and Regional Planning, Ibnu Syabri, Ph.D.
In the lecture, Dr. Hadi, an alumni of Master Program in Urban and Regional, delivered coherently the mainstreaming of disaster mitigation planning and spatial planning. The presentation began with the description of the legal framework and policy of disaster mitigation planning in Indonesia. He also stated that Indonesia is currently implementing the 2015-2045 Disaster Mitigation Master Plan. This master plan was formulated by taking into consideration global goals such as Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2030, and national goals such as RPJMN (National Medium-Term Development Plan) and Disaster Mitigation National Plan (2015-2019). The goal to be achieved in the Disaster Mitigation Master Plan is “Indonesia Tangguh Bencana untuk Mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan” (Disaster Resilient Indonesia to Support Sustainable Development). The presentation was continued with the integration aspect between spatial planning and disaster mitigation planning. To accommodate the program, a guideline has been formulated, i.e. Guideline for Disaster Risk Mitigation-Based Spatial Planning (P2R PRB) which has been implemented in some disaster-prone areas such as Disaster-Prone Area in Sinabung Volcano, Karo Regency.
After presenting the condition of disaster mitigation planning in Indonesia Dr. Hadi continued with practical items particularly the earthquake and tsunami reconstruction process in Palu in 2018. Considering the impact of earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction in Palu, the area should be rearranged by taking into consideration those threats. There is no more area in Palu that is safe from the threat of earthquake and tsunami as a consequence of the fault crossing the Palu area. Therefore, post-earthquake planning should be formulated by taking into consideration disaster prone spatial zoning that is integrated with the Regional Spatial Plan of Palu (including Detailed Spatial Plan). In the end, the whole process of rehabilitation and reconstruction is done by adopting the concept of Build Back Better, Safer and Sustainable.
As a closing, Dr. Hadi stated the importance of the integration between disaster mitigation planning and spatial planning. Risk index should also be accommodated as a part of Regional Spatial Plan.